In the maritime context, the environment refers to the natural surroundings in which ships operate, including the air, water, and land. It also includes the natural resources and ecosystems that are affected by maritime activities.
The maritime industry has a significant impact on the environment, both positive and negative. On the positive side, shipping is a relatively efficient and environmentally friendly mode of transportation, and it plays a crucial role in global trade. However, shipping also generates a range of environmental impacts, including air pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution. It can also contribute to the spread of invasive species, the destruction of marine habitats, and the degradation of coastal areas.
As a result, there are a number of measures in place to protect the environment in the maritime industry. These include international and national regulations, such as the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) and the United States Clean Air Act, which set limits on the emissions and discharges that ships can release into the air and water. There are also a number of voluntary programs and initiatives, such as the International Maritime Organization's (IMO) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Strategy, which aim to reduce the environmental impact of shipping and promote sustainable practices.
Environment in the industrial context -->Environment